Spine Tumour is an abnormal mass of issue within or surrounding the spinal cord and spinal column. It is also known as Neoplasm, meaning new growth. There are two types of Spine Tumours, Benign and malignant. Benign tumour is primary tumour and it doesn’t spread to other parts of the body while in Malign Tumour the cancer has already spread to other parts of the body. The goals of spine tumour surgery include restoring spinal stability, function, decompression of neural elements (eg, spinal cord), pain reduction, and preventing tumour recurrence or spread. Part or the entire spinal tumour is removed (terms include debulking, excision or resection). The type of surgical procedure considered appropriate depends on several factors such as the tumour’s location, type, and size; patient's general health; and, need for spinal stabilization. Spinal stabilization means using instrumentation (eg, interbody devices, screws) and fusion (eg, bone graft) to secure the spine in position—also called fixation.
Deciding About the Treatment
Indications for surgical treatment of a spinal tumour include uncontrollable pain, spinal cord compression, and spinal instability. Like other treatments, your doctor will recommend a treatment plan that considers your tumour type, health status, and age. The benefits, risks and complications, as well as projected outcome (prognosis) are weighed as part of the decision process shared by you and your doctor.
Your doctor will outline specific guidelines to help you to obtain the best treatment whether nonsurgical and/or surgical. Short- and long-term recovery depends much on the tumour type (eg, benign, malignant), treatment, your overall health, and age.
A period of hospitalization after surgery is to be expected. Thereafter, some patients are discharged home or may spend time at a physical rehabilitation facility prior to going home. These decisions are in part based on the patient’s ability to care for her/himself and/or spouse/partner, family, friend, or caregiver involvement.
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