An abnormal or deformed curvature of the spine is referred as scoliosis or kyphosis. In any normal spine, the curves are seen from the sides however the entire spine looks straight from the front. In scoliosis, the curves appear from the front as well since there exists an abnormal forward bending of it.
Initially, the cause of scoliosis was thought to be poor posture but now congenital and developmental anomaly is its clear reason based on hereditary. The spine usually curves in the shape of “S” or “C” towards the sides and the curvature is measurable in degrees through X-rays.
Scoliosis occurs mainly in a lumbar or thoracic region and rarely in a cervical region of the spine. Also, it is most common among adolescents mainly girls and symptoms appear during puberty as asymmetry of the spine, an imbalance between head, shoulder, and hips, further affecting heart and lungs and causing breathlessness etc.
Classification of scoliosis as per age groups include:
Preparing for surgery
After the surgery is scheduled you might receive a call from the hospital for a pre-surgery appointment. In this:
On the day of surgery
Once, the patient reaches hospital as per scheduled time, the surgery begins with an incision in the mid of the back. The spine is exposed by moving muscles along with the removal of vertebral joints. The vertebra roughening is made to trigger new bone production and it leads to fusion of vertebrae and filling the gap eventually. Metal implants like rods, hooks, screws or wire help to hold the spine and with vertebrae fusion. Further as per the individual requirement bone grafting can also be done.
After surgery, the duration of stay in a hospital varies significantly for each patient as per the condition. Usually, it takes 3 to 7 days. Also, an epidural catheter insertion is done from the back to help with pain which is removed on third-day post surgery. Another catheter in the bladder is inserted to help avoid physical to and fro movement to the bathroom for initial days. This is also removed after the epidural one. A physical therapist guides and helps initially to take few baby steps of walking after the surgery. Beginning with getting out of bed to chair, then walking out of the room, reaching a stage of bearable walking and by fourth-day, the patient can climb up stairs. Before discharge, spinal X-rays of the patient are done to ensure no signs of problems with the implants or spinal alignment.
The process of recovery is analyzed normally post six weeks of the surgery. X-rays are done to assess the healing stage and levels of permitted activities achieved so far in daily routine.
Few following questions help in a more deep assessment of recovery:
Within a span of a year the quality life of a patient will improve along with returning to normal activities:
Let EasyCure help you
Q: What are the chances of success in this surgery?
A: The success rate is good enough if the spinal deformity correction and fusion is done by the experienced hands. The fusion is permanent and helps the bones to grow together further improving the situation with growth. The curve can be corrected nearly to 70 percent with minimal complications of nearly 2 to 3 percent.
Q: How long will it take for the recovery after surgery?
A: It usually takes 3 to 5 weeks to heal and feel better post surgery. Initially extreme levels of fatigue can be there because of blood loss during surgery. However, extreme and rapid activities after weeks must be avoided for a month or so to let the body recover completely.
Q: Will there be any long-term side effects post surgery?
A: In cases, when the entire spine underwent a fusion to treat scoliosis. The flexible small areas at the base of the spine or the twisted areas bear stress with normal activities over the long term and might lead to lower spine arthritis.
Q: Are there any risks involved in the surgery?
A: The minimal risks of scoliosis surgery might include:
Q: Will the surgery affect height?
A: Yes. Post surgery the spine comes in straighter form and hence it makes a person look nearly form a quarter to an inch taller than previous height.
Q: What are the benefits of idiopathic scoliosis?
A: Spinal fusion is very effective in prevention along with correction of scoliosis progression. Especially, in the cases in which other controlling methods of scoliosis fails.
Q: Which medicine can help with scoliosis?
A: No medication as of current scenario has been able to help with the progression of scoliosis. However, its associated pain can be taken care of with several pain medications to a certain extent.
Q: What can happen if scoliosis is not treated on time?
A: The condition of scoliosis usually remains stable during adulthood in most of the cases. There is no further disease progression in the borderline curves of the spine. However, for others with curves, more than 50 or 55 degrees leads to a slow disease progression. It further makes the deformity more severe with complications as time passes by.
Free treatment estimates & treatment options
Free opinion from the doctor
Get assistance organizing your travel, stay & more
Get received by us in India & get treated
We ensure your comfortable stay in India & safe return