Oral cancer that is detected at an early stage, before the cancer cells have spread to other areas of the body, is treated with surgery. Numerous surgical techniques are available to remove a tumour and restore the appearance and function of any tissues affected by either the cancer or the treatment. Many oral cancer surgery patients are often concerned about disfigurement; but recent advances in reconstructive surgery mean that appearances can be restored, sometimes with little or no sign of change.
Deciding About the Treatment
Your surgeon removes the cancer and an area (margin) of normal tissue around it. This helps to make sure that they have removed all the cancer. The operation is called a primary tumour resection. Your surgeon sends off the tissue removed to a pathologist (a specialist doctor who examines tissue). If there are no cancer cells at the edge of the tissue, they call it a clear margin. You can have different types of primary tumour resection. It depends on the location of your cancer. When the cancer is small and easy to reach, you have the surgery through your mouth. But sometimes, your surgeon may need to make a cut in your neck or jawbone (mandible) to reach the tumour. That depends on how much the tumour has spread.
After a few days of operation, you will be encouraged to move around a little bit. Your physiotherapist will help you in leg and breathing exercises. Stiches and clips are removed normally after 10 days. Youreating or drinking, will depend on the type of operation you had. You will be majorly on a liquid diet which will be decided by the dietician. After a few days of monitoring and recovery, your liquid diet will be cut short accordingly. You may face little changes regarding how you eat and chew, breathing, sense of smell etc. which are normal after an oral surgery. You will have continuous appointment with doctor check out recovery and to diagnose any problems.
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