Kidney transplant is a surgical procedure where failing kidneys are replaced with a healthy kidney from a donor. The donor can live a normal healthy life with only one kidney. Usually the best matches for patient and donor are usually from family members.
Deciding about the Transplant
The evaluation process for a transplant is very thorough. Your healthcare team will need to know a lot about you to help them—and you—decide if a transplant is right for you. One thing you can do to speed the process is to get all the testing done as quickly as possible and stay in close contact with the transplant team. Remember, being active in your own care is one of the best ways to stay healthy. If someone you know would like to donate a kidney to you, that person will also need to go through a screening to find out if he or she is a match and healthy enough to donate.
If it’s your child who has kidney disease, you’ll want to give serious thought to getting a transplant evaluation for him or her. Because transplantation allows children and young adults to develop in as normal a way as possible in their formative years, it can be the best treatment for them.
Duration of Stay
10 days in the hospital, 45 days outside
You’ll be sore at first, but you should be out of bed in a day or so, and home within a week. If the kidney came from a living donor, it should start to work very quickly. A kidney from a deceased donor can take longer to start working—two to four weeks or more. If that happens, you may need dialysis until the kidney begins to work. After surgery, you’ll be taught about the medicines you’ll have to take and their side effects. You’ll also learn about diet.
Once you are home from the hospital, the most important work begins—the follow-up. For your transplant to be successful, you will have regular check-ups, especially during the first year. At first, you may need blood tests several times a week. After that, you’ll need fewer check-ups, but enough to make sure that your kidney is working well and that you have the right amount of anti-rejection medication in your body.
Kidney transplant is usually recommended at the end stage of kidney disease when dialysis ceases to be effective. Common causes of end-stage renal disease include:
The following requirements are mandatory before undergoing the kidney transplant procedure:
The patient will undergo the following tests before the procedure:
During the procedure the surgeon will make a long incision into the lower abdomen on one side. will visually inspect the donor kidney before implanting it. The donor kidney will be placed into the abdomen. A left donor kidney will be implanted on the right side; a right donor kidney will be implanted on your left side. This allows the ureter to be accessed easily for connection to the patient's bladder. The renal artery and vein of the donor kidney will be sewn to the external iliac artery and vein. After the artery and vein are attached, the blood flow through these vessels will be checked for bleeding at the suture lines.
After the surgery, the patient's blood pressure, pulse, and breathing will be monitored. In time, the patient will be moved out of the ICU to a regular nursing unit as you recover. Kidney transplant usually calls for 7 days in the hospital. After the patient leaves the hospital, close monitoring is necessary for a few weeks. They will need blood tests several times a week and have their medications adjusted in the weeks following the transplant. Drugs called immunosuppressants (anti-rejection medications) help keep the immune system from attacking and rejecting your new kidney. Additional drugs help reduce the risk of other complications, such as infection, after your transplant.
Let EasyCure help you
Q. How many days will I take to recover?
A. Hospital recovery time after a kidney transplant is usually 5 to 10 days if there are no complications. The length of stay depends on the patient’s medical condition and needs. You will spend 24-48 hours in intensive care immediately after surgery.
Q. How long do I have to take immunosuppressants for?
A. The patient will have to take immunosuppressants for the prevention of organ rejection for their entire lives.
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