A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a hole in the wall (septum) separating the two lower chambers of the heart. This is the most common congenital heart disease where about 1 in 500 babies is born with a VSD. Sometimes VSD is not detected until later in life until adulthood which will require a different kind of procedure as well.
If the patient is experiencing problems such as a heartbeat that is irregular; high blood pressure in lungs; low blood oxygen levels and/or valve problems, these are all symptoms of VSD. The cardiac specialist will recommend the course of treatment after a analysis of all previous tests.
Before surgery your doctor will inquire information about prior medications far enough before your surgery date (generally 5-7 days). Since different medication can have effects on healing time. The patient will also undergo a stringent physical checkup following by complete analysis of pre-existing conditions. The patient will also be required to abstain from smoking or alcohol consumption before the operation.
The various tests before surgery may include:
The surgeon usually reaches the wall between the septum by looking through one of the valves of the heart. The surgeon closes the hole in the ventricle with a tightly woven patch material. The patient will put on a heart-lung machine until the end of the procedure.
Open heart surgery is a major operation that requires close monitoring and immediate post-operative support. It is normal for a person to remain in the intensive care unit (ICU) for 5-6 days after the procedure to receive further care. After the operation, a breathing tube will remain in place for a period to assist with breathing. A line also stays in the vein to administer pain relief. mAfter leaving ICU, a person will probably stay in the hospital for about a week. Recovery at home after leaving the hospital usually takes between 4 to 6 weeks.
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Q. What is the duration of ICU stay?
A. The average length of stay for our cardiac surgery patients is one to two days in the ICU. The actual length of ICU stay may vary depending on your vital signs and activity.
Q. Will I require blood transfusion during surgery?
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