A balloon valvotomy is a minimally invasive procedure to repair a heart valve that has a narrowed opening. A heart valve can have a narrow opening due to stenosis and plaque buildup within the walls of the artery. This causes reduced flow of blood to the blood leading to major complications in cardiac function.
A balloon valvotomy may be recommended if the patient exibits:
The doctor in charge will analyze your complete medical history including medication, physical health and mental health. The patient will be required to fast for a certain time period before the procedure. If the patient is suffering from any existing cardiac conditions or other chronic diseases like diabetes the health care team will have to be made aware of it. If the patient is a smoker, he/she is asked to quit smoking or abstain from it a few weeks before surgery.
The patient will undergo many different lab results prior to the surgery. A chest x ray is usually standard procedure before any cardiac surgery. This will look at the chest, lungs, heart, large arteries, ribs and diaphragm. Two views are usually taken: one in which the x-rays pass through the chest from the back (posterior-anterior view), and one in which the x-rays pass through the chest from one side to the other (lateral view). A EKG is also taken which is used to measure the electrical activity of the heart. A graphical presentation will be generated which can indicate one or more heart-related conditions (conduction disorders, arrhythmias, valve disease, etc).
In a valvuloplasty, the cardiac surgeon inserts a long, thin tube (catheter) with a balloon on the tip into an artery in your arm or groin and guides it to the narrowed valve in the heart using X-ray imaging. The balloon is then inflated, which expands the opening of the valve and separates the walls. The balloon is then deflated, and the catheter and balloon are removed.
After the surgery, the patient will be transferred to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). The patient is closely monitored by doctors, nurses, and staff during the recovery period. The average length of stay past this procedure is five to seven days. The actual length of stay may vary depending on the patients vital signs, lab work, dietary, and activity.
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Q. How much walking/exercise will be required after the surgery?
A. Your physiotherapist will recommend several exercises during your stay at the hospital and recommend several strengthening exercises to perform once the patient returns home.Every day the patient will be required increase the activity. They will be given an activity checklist to monitor progress.
Q. What are the restrictions after surgery?
A. The patient will be required go follow several precautions:
Q. How will pain be managed?
A. The patient is given pain medications during surgery and in your recovery process. These include:
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